The European Union

Introduction

The European Union research programme focuses on the EU’s external action, EU’s major development trends as well as its political system and institutional structure.
The EU's external action – its leadership and decision-making – and the different dimensions of the EU’s global role are studied comprehensively in the programme. Special weight is placed on the EU’s foreign, security and defence policies, neighbourhood and energy security. The nexus of external and internal security is addressed by focusing on terrorism and radicalisation. The regional scope of the programme covers the EU's eastern and southern neighbourhoods, as well as EU-Turkey relations and the EU's Arctic policy.

Themes such as the EU's external economic relations and trade policy, relations with Russia and transatlantic relations are studied mainly in collaboration with other FIIA research programmes. This applies also to the study of Nordic cooperation both within the EU context and in general.

The EU’s major development trends are studied by focusing on the EU's institutional development and decision-making both in their own right and in relation to the EU’s external action. Key research themes include the EMU reforms, differentiated integration and political implications of Brexit. Trends in the member states' EU policies, including the rise of populism and Euroscepticism are also examined within this second strand of research. 

The European Union research programme aims to produce high quality analysis, and its activities are geared to support political decision-making and to the wider public. The programme takes part in major European research networks, and continues to expand and reinforce this cooperation.