Building bridges or digging trenches?
Civil society engagement after the Arab Spring
Timo Behr & Aaretti Siitonen
The Finnish Institute of International Affairs
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When seeking to engage and assist Arab civil society,
western donors are faced with several broad challenges in the new regional
context. First and foremost, they will have to avoid doing anything that could
deepen the growing divisions among different segments of Arab civil society.
ought to encourage an effective and balanced relationship between state institutions
and civil society. While before the revolutions many Arab countries
suffered from a strong and autocratic state, today state weakness has become an
equally great challenge.
donors will have to find a way to engage with the new actors, organizations and
social movements that have been at the forefront of the Arab Spring uprisings. To
engage with some of these actors will be challenging given their
non-hierarchical organizational structures, virtual membership, unclear legal
position, and sometimes undefined goals.
donors will have to tread carefully in the highly sensitive new operating environment
in the Arab transition countries. In order to regain trust with state
institutions and civil society actors, donor engagement needs to build on
national development strategies and local needs assessments.
donors, of course, can only do so much in order to support the development of a
liberal and pluralistic civil society in the Arab world. Far more
important than effective and well-designed development projects is the ability
of different segments of Arab civil society to reconcile their differences and
to endorse diversity. In order to support this process, donors will have to
exercise patience and will have to avoid actions that contribute to further
social polarization. To this end, sending the right political message will
often be just as important as well-designed projects.