Right-wing nationalism in Russia:
A by-product of electoral competition or a political agenda for the future?
The Finnish Institute of International Affairs
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Debates on nationalism acquired a great deal of significance
in Russia in the summer of 2013, with the activities of right-wing nationalists
increasing during this period too.
Modern Russian nationalism has its roots in anti-immigrant
sentiments, mainly as a consequence of failed nation-state building in the
Most right-wing organisations are marginalised, with
membership and support relatively low. But the anti-immigrant ideas which these
organisations propagate currently enjoy high levels of support in Russian
Over the past eight years, the activities of right-wing
nationalists have been largely limited to ‘the streets’, due to the lack of
opportunities open to nationalist parties to participate in electoral
The prospects for Russia’s right-wing nationalist
organisations will depend on the regime’s approach to ‘illegal’ immigration,
but also on the state’s overall policy towards right-wing nationalism. Three
scenarios are seen to be possible at this juncture: ‘marginalised
nationalists’, ‘underground nationalists’, and ‘incorporated nationalists’.