Fear of Migration:
Is the EUís Southern Neighbourhood Policy fading away?
The Finnish Institute of International Affairs
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The conflicts in Syria, Libya and Iraq have
spread instability and insecurity in the EUís southern neighbourhood, and
increased the number of migrants attempting to make their way to Europe with
dramatic consequences at sea.
As a consequence, the EU has responded to
the increasing migration pressures by attempting to control migration by
increasing sea patrols and also by reviewing its neighbourhood policy.
The EUís neighbourhood policy (ENP) is
dominated by an agenda aimed at controlling migration towards Europe, which was
not the original purpose of the policy. Europeís Southern Mediterranean
partners, unwilling to police the migration efforts, have requested the EU to
increase the means for legal migration.
Currently, the EU is preoccupied with plans
to launch military operations targeting traffickers, to further increase
patrols and to share the burden originating from the southern migration more
equally among the member states.
Relatedly, the ENP seems to be fading away,
much like the general policy framework for the EU response to the developments
in its southern neighbourhood, as the envisaged EU action is largely taking
place outside of it.
Whether within or outside the ENP, the EU
needs to improve its response to its Southern Mediterranean partnersí interests
and priorities in order to maintain the special relationship with them.