Europeís New Political Engine:
Germanyís role in the EUís foreign and security policy
Niklas Helwig (ed.)
The Finnish Institute of International Affairs
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beginning of this decade, the EUís foreign and security policy was leaderless,
while several crises put Europe under pressure. The economically strong Germany
had to become Europeís new political engine. The way in which Germany took up
its new and unusual role and the implications that German leadership has for
the EUís foreign and security policy are analysed in this report.
fulfilled the leadership role that it never applied for. It pushed for a diplomatic
solution to the conflict in eastern Ukraine and led the Russia sanctions policy
of the West. Germany not only followed the French call for military assistance
after the Paris attacks, but is also heavily engaged in diplomatic efforts to
solve the Syrian conflict. Berlin is central to the development of broader EU
policies, such as the European Neighbourhood Policy and the Common Security and
Defence Policy. It is in the driverís seat when it comes to relationships with
key international actors, such as Russia, Turkey and the US.
become an unlikely and unusual foreign policy leader, which still differs in
various aspects from traditional foreign policy powerhouses. It leads through
institutions and diplomacy rather than military power. It seeks European
solutions rather than national ones. However, the success and sustainability of
Germanyís approach depends on securing Europeís unity and resilience in the face
of crises in the neighbourhood and the effects of globalization.