The EU-Turkey Stalemate:
Detecting the Root Causes of the Dysfunctional Relationship
Finnish Institute of International Affairs
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Turkey’s EU candidacy in 1999, with strong emphasis on the ‘open- ended’ nature
regarding the result, was an uneasy compromise reached between those opposing
and those supporting full membership among the EU members.
conditionality towards Turkey, the EU has expected structural reform and democratization
without wholly committing to full membership for the country.
government, which was supposed to push through the EU reforms, has used the
reforms instrumentally and represents the anti-Western political Islamist
movement with no European vocation.
parties are guilty of the ‘politics of pretending’ in the EU negotiations,
resulting in a dysfunctional relationship, now crucially exposed in the context
of the refugee deal and Turkey’s failed coup attempt.
has come for the difficult task of re-evaluating the strained Turkey-EU
relationship, with three main options at hand, each having their own
shortcomings: ending the negotiations altogether; continuing with the current
dysfunctional model; or seriously pushing for a ‘special partnership’ in one
form or another.