Nordic Partners of NATO
How similar are Finland and Sweden within NATO cooperation?
The Finnish Institute of International Affairs
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establishment of the Partnership for Peace in 1994, Finland and Sweden have
shared the role of the most active partners of NATO. At the military level, the
ultimate goals of the NATO partnership programmes are to support partners in
their efforts to reform their national defence structures and to assist them in
developing their national capabilities according to NATO standards. These goals
are subject to two prerequisites: well-prepared and stand-out applicants for membership,
and qualified military capabilities for operations. Finland and Sweden have met
every expectation pertaining to capabilities, but have refrained from becoming
members of the Alliance.
both the Alliance and the partnerships have transformed since the 1990s. Twelve
former partners are now members of the Alliance, and the remaining partners
differ from each other regarding their background as well as political and
Report describes and compares the two Nordic partners, Finland and Sweden,
within the context of their military cooperation with NATO. The emerging trend
in the Baltic Sea region is defending one’s territory, and with increasingly
similar perspectives on threats, and more cooperative ways to respond to them,
the Nordic partners could gravitate closer towards each other, and towards
NATO. This vision of a commonly shared defence paradigm of ‘adequate’ defence capabilities
would lower the threshold for deeper defence cooperation between the two Nordic
partners and NATO.