Three Years after Euromaidan:
Is Ukraine Still on the Reform Track?
Ryhor Nizhnikau & Arkady Moshes
Finnish Institute of International Affairs
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Euromaidan Revolution of 2014 created unprecedentedly favourable conditions for
breaking a vicious circle of bad governance and predatory corruption in
Ukraine, and for the transformation of Ukrainian politics and society. Yet the
results have been mixed and inconsistent. Some progress in reforms has been
achieved, but the change could still be reversed.
definite attempts to devalue the major gains post-Maidan as, for instance, the
ongoing struggle between the newly created National Anti-Corruption Bureau and
the President-controlled Prosecutor’s Office illustrates. The main obstacle to
reform stems from within the system because the newly-emerged status quo
benefits the reshaped elites.
evidence shows that Ukraine can be reformed but, from now on, pushing forward
the progress will be an uphill struggle. As time passes, the danger increases
that key elements of the old system will be preserved.
In order to
continue the reform process, Ukraine will require external support. Ukraine’s
Western partners must be prepared to increase the level of conditionality,
while ensuring that they will keep their promise in full when conditions are
met. In this regard, the delay over granting Ukraine visa-free travel by the EU
constitutes a negative example that should not be repeated.