FIIA Comment

FIIA Comment 19 (2017)   

An effective antidote:
The four components that make Finland more resilient to hybrid campaigns

Published 3.10.2017

Charly Salonius-Pasternak
The Finnish Institute of International Affairs

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Russia’s actions in Ukraine reminded many that states use a mixture of tools to achieve their political objectives. Analytically troublesome but politically useful terms such as hybrid war emerged. Russia’s neighbours were thought to be particularly vulnerable. Yet Finland is structurally relatively resistant to hybrid campaigns due to a foundation created over decades.