Melting sea ice causes new Canadian reaction

Fredag, 29. Augusti 2008     0 kommentti(a)
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Internationell miljö- och naturresurspolitik forsknigsprogram

Climate change causes melting of the sea ice in the Arctic Ocean. The U.S. National Snow and Ice Data Centre reported last Tuesday that this summer’s sea ice is at its second lowest level in about 30 years.

As the sea ice is shrinking, the Arctic coastal states, Russia, Canada, the USA, Denmark (by virtue of its home rule Greenland), and Norway have each reacted to the new situation and potential economic opportunities. The latest reaction came yesterday from Canada. The Canadian Prime Minister Stephen Harper announced that all vessels that sail to the Canadian Arctic waters are asked to report to the Canadian Coast Guard agency. Harper also has in plans to extend the jurisdiction of the Arctic Waters Pollution Prevention Act to 200 nautical miles from its coast from the current 100. Harper’s announcements can be considered as yet another measure to assert Canada’s sovereignty and control of the Northwest Passage. Canada’s claims have previously been disputed by, for example, the USA and the EU, who consider the Northwest Passage as international waters. New reactions to the Canadian announcements can be anticipated in the near future.

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