Briefing Paper

Briefing Paper 163 (2014)   

Deeper defence cooperation:
Finland and Sweden together again?

Publicerad 3.12.2014

Charly Salonius-Pasternak
The Finnish Institute of International Affairs

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Finland and Sweden are increasing their bilateral defence cooperation. Officially, it is restricted to peacetime and international crisis management operation activities, but it nonetheless has national territorial defence impacts.

The planned deepening of cooperation between Finland and Sweden builds on the already extensive daily cooperation between the two countries.

Both Finland and Sweden see deeper cooperation as an important addition to cooperation within the EU, NATO, and NORDEFCO frameworks, as well as other significant bilateral cooperative relationships.

Fruitful cooperation will require strengthening trust among military and political actors, as well as an acknowledgement of differing perspectives regarding the role of the defence industry in security and defence policy formation.

Cooperation may continue to deepen as the momentum for it builds, or through a binding agreement developing into a defence alliance – Defence Alliance Finland-Sweden (DAFS).