Briefing Paper

Briefing Paper 164 (2014)   

Towards a two-state solution:
A new approach is needed to promote the Middle East Peace Process

Publicerad 10.12.2014

Mari Neuvonen
The Finnish Institute of International Affairs

Ladda ner PDF (669 Kb)

Tensions and difficulties have emerged again in the Middle East together with the stalled peace process, which is a great concern for the EU.

The EU has established two Civilian Crisis Management missions in the Occupied Palestinian Territory as instruments of the Common Security and Defence Policy to promote the objectives of the Middle East Peace Process.

Both missions, EUPOL COPPS and EUBAM Rafah, have been successful in training, advising and mentoring the Palestinian security sector to combat terror and prevent it, and to operate with the Israeli security forces to maintain order.

However, the full potential of the two missions has not been utilized as instruments to promote the peace process principles in terms of emphasizing democracy and accountability as being fundamental to an independent state.

It is time for the EU to link its state-building initiatives in the Occupied Palestinian Territory with a clear political position at the "high-politics” level and to translate them into reality.

If the focus of these two CSDP missions is not shifted away from polishing the already smooth-functioning Palestinian security apparatus and more towards reflecting the political aims of the peace process, it begs the question of whether these missions can continue to serve as useful instruments for the EU to promote the peace process.