Towards a two-state solution:
A new approach is needed to promote the Middle East Peace Process
The Finnish Institute of International Affairs
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Tensions and difficulties have emerged again in the Middle
East together with the stalled peace process, which is a great concern for the
The EU has established two Civilian Crisis Management
missions in the Occupied Palestinian Territory as instruments of the Common
Security and Defence Policy to promote the objectives of the Middle East Peace
Both missions, EUPOL COPPS and EUBAM Rafah, have been
successful in training, advising and mentoring the Palestinian security sector
to combat terror and prevent it, and to operate with the Israeli security
forces to maintain order.
However, the full potential of the two missions has not been
utilized as instruments to promote the peace process principles in terms of
emphasizing democracy and accountability as being fundamental to an independent
It is time for the EU to link its state-building initiatives
in the Occupied Palestinian Territory with a clear political position at the
"high-politics” level and to translate them into reality.
If the focus of these two CSDP missions is not shifted away
from polishing the already smooth-functioning Palestinian security apparatus
and more towards reflecting the political aims of the peace process, it begs
the question of whether these missions can continue to serve as useful
instruments for the EU to promote the peace process.