Differentiation in ASEAN, ECOWAS and MERCOSUR: A Comparative Analysis
EU IDEA
Bart Gaens, Bernardo Venturi and Anna Ayuso

Senior research fellow at the Finnish Institute of International Affairs (FIIA) Bart Gaens co-authored a new policy paper entitled: ‘’Differentiation in ASEAN, ECOWAS and MERCOSUR: A Comparative Analysis’’. The article was published in the EU IDEA Policy Papers series on 31 August 2020. Link to the article.

FIIA also leads a work package on EU foreign, security and defence policy in the EU IDEA research project, which studies differentiated integration in the European Union. More information from this link.

Leading Researcher