The killing of Abu Bakr Al-Baghdadi last year put the jihadist nexus in North-Western Syria back in the spotlight. The faltering of Idlib’s de-escalation zone is currently increasing the risk of a direct military confrontation between Turkish-controlled forces and the Syrian and Russian militaries, reigniting the geopolitical component of the conflict.

Wolfgang Mühlberger
Senior Research Fellow
Olli Ruohomäki
Olli Ruohomäki
Visiting Senior Fellow - Global Security research programme