The North Korean Conundrum
Photo: SarahTz / Flickr.com / Creative Commons 2.0

The North Korean Conundrum

FIIA Report 52

The North Korean Conundrum: International responses and future challenges

The North Korean threat for global security is growing. The pace and intensity of North Korea’s military technological development have surprised pundits and scholars worldwide, with regional actors perceiving that the development had entered a new phase after the sixth nuclear test and successful launches of intercontinental ballistic missiles. This FIIA report analyses how great powers, regional actors and scholarly communities perceive the North Korea problem and range of available solutions. The analysis highlights those aspects of the North Korean conundrum that are often overlooked, namely the regional dimension and the connectedness between the nuclear issue and human rights.

FIIA Comment

Beyond a war of words? Assessing tensions on the Korean peninsula

Jyrki Kallio, Charly Salonius-Pasternak, Bart Gaens & Ville Sinkkonen

Trump’s Climate Change Policy
Photo: Greg Goebel / Flickr.com / CC2.0

Trump’s Climate Change Policy

FIIA Analysis 8

‘Mourning for America’: Donald Trump’s Climate Change Policy

Donald Trump projects slogans more than strategy, yet his administration has moved quickly and with vigour to dismantle existing climate policies in the United States. In this renewed peer-reviewed FIIA Analysis Antto Vihma and Michael Mehling underline that a robust system of political checks and balances will constrain the domestic deregulatory agenda, although Trump’s actions may disturb the delicate balance of interests in international climate negotiations.

Transatlantic relations in the Trump era
Photo: Etienne Ansotte / EC Audiovisual Service

Transatlantic relations in the Trump era

Report 51

Managing Unpredictability: Transatlantic relations in the Trump era

The initial stages of President Donald Trump’s administration are marked by an apparent shift in US foreign policy, including in its transatlantic relations. For many, the advent of the Trump era with its perceived inclination towards hard power, national self interest, protectionism and transactionalism necessitates a fundamental rethink of the US’s global role, its relations with Europe and, indeed, the rule-based international order. The latest FIIA Report maps out the ongoing recalibration of transatlantic relations and its implications for Nordic-Baltic security.

The EU's choice
Photo: Christian Lambiotte / EC Audiovisual Service

The EU's choice

FIIA Report 50

The EU’s Choice: Perspectives on deepening and differentiation

Ever since the global economic and financial crisis hit Europe in late 2008, European public debate has been rife with speculations about the possible collapse of the European Union. The latest FIIA Report aims to map the key developments shaping the EU, as it has navigated through the storms of recent years. The report shows that the EU's responses to the various upheavals indicate simultaneous trends of deepening integration and differentiation. The report is an outcome of a larger research project at FIIA entitled "Finland and the Tightening Competition in Global Politics".

The Future of Schengen
Photo: Pixabay / Creative Commons

The Future of Schengen

Briefing Paper 219

The New Frontex and the Future of Schengen: A brick fortress or a castle made of sand?

The role and capacity of Frontex have quickly been modified in order to respond to the challenges of irregular migration and transnational terrorism. Enhanced control over the external borders is a welcome measure, but it is not a definitive solution for tackling the challenges of irregular migration and transnational terrorism. Europe needs more effective control inside the Schengen area, but there are no easy remedies for how this could be achieved without compromising the core principle of freedom of movement inside Schengen, Teemu Tammikko argues in a FIIA Briefing Paper.

The 9th Annual FIIA Day

Europe's Borders

Middle Eastern Terror in Flux
Photo: Chaouye / Flickr

Middle Eastern Terror in Flux

Briefing Paper 212

Middle Eastern Terror in Flux: Mosul after Daesh, Daesh after Raqqa

As no terrorist movement can operate effectively without a broad range of supporters, Iraq’s political arrangements and the peace-building process in Syria will significantly determine the future Sunni stance over extremist ideas and organisations, particularly Salafi-jihadism. According to Wolfgang Mühlberger and Olli Ruohomäki, two main issues emerge with regard to an assumed post-Daesh order: the reorientation of its fighters, including foreign fighters returning to Europe and the capability of inclusive governance to roll back sectarianism.

Russian Foreign Policy in Transition
Photo: Larry Koester / Flickr.com / Creative Commons 2.0

Russian Foreign Policy in Transition

Finnish Foreign Policy Paper 5

Neighbouring an Unpredictable Russia: Implications for Finland

The latest Finnish Foreign Policy Paper analyses Russia’s recent foreign policy and military developments and their implications for Finland. Considering the comprehensiveness of Russia’s actions, it is of the utmost importance for Finland to invest in two things: in strengthening its own society, and in international cooperation.

Briefing Paper

Security in the Baltic Sea Region: activation of risk potential

Katri Pynnöniemi & Charly Salonius-Pasternak

Finland and Sweden: Partners in defence
Photo: NATO

Finland and Sweden: Partners in defence

Report 48

Nordic Partners of NATO: How similar are Finland and Sweden within NATO cooperation?

With increasingly similar perspectives on threats, the Finland and Sweden could gravitate closer towards each other, and towards NATO, Juha Pyykönen argues in the latest FIIA Report.

Working Paper

Nordic-Baltic security and US foreign policy: A durable transatlantic link?

Eoin Micheál McNamara, Magnus Nordenman & Charly Salonius-Pasternak

Tensions in the EU's Eastern Neighbourhood
Photo: OSCE/Evgeniy Maloletka

Tensions in the EU's Eastern Neighbourhood

Report

Key Actors in the EU’s Eastern Neighbourhood: Competing perspectives on geostrategic tensions

In the FIIA Report, edited by Kristi Raik and Sinikukka Saari, FIIA researchers and external experts explore the interests and policies of major states and organisations - EU, Russia, US, Turkey, China and the OSCE - in the EU's Eastern Neighbourhood. The report concludes that EU should not shy away from confrontation at any price, and highlights the need for a more proactive EU foreign policy in the region.

Report launch event (audio available)

Changing Geostrategic Tensions around Ukraine

The Rise of Geoeconomics
Photo: Nils Öberg / Wikimedia Commons

The Rise of Geoeconomics

Briefing Paper

China’s Advance in Latin America: Geostrategic Implications for Europe, the US, and the Region Itself

China is rapidly growing its presence in Latin America. While the Chinese activities are predominantly economic, they have long-standing strategic consequences for Europe, the US and the region itself. After a recent change towards more pro-Western political leadership in the region, Europe and the US should seize the moment and engage with Latin America on a more equal footing by offering actual multilateralism, in contrast to China’s more bilateral approach, Mikael Wigell argues in the latest FIIA Briefing Paper.

Academic article in International Affairs

Geopolitics versus geoeconomics: the case of Russia's geostrategy and its effects on the EU

Mikael Wigell & Antto Vihma

US foreign policy beyond 2016
Photo: Pierre Teyssot / European Commission Audiovisual Service

US foreign policy beyond 2016

FIIA Report 46

After Rebalance: Visions for the future of US foreign policy and global role beyond 2016

The foreign policy of the United States has often been seen as oscillating between an isolationist perspective and interventionist tendencies. This fluctuation between minimalism and maximalism allows future foreign policy to be evaluated, if one can correctly diagnose which phase of the supposed back-and-forth movement the US is currently in. A new FIIA Report, edited by Mika Aaltola and Anna Kronlund, examines visions for the future of US foreign policy and global role beyond 2016.

Working Paper

Nordic-Baltic security and US foreign policy: A durable transatlantic link?

Eoin Micheál McNamara, Magnus Nordenman & Charly Salonius-Pasternak

Thu 9.11.2017 at 13:30-15:30

China Research Day 2017: China-US relations and Asian security

By invitation only

Once a month

UPI Breakfast Briefing

Breakfast Briefings deal with topical EU affairs which have implications for Finns and Finland.

News, 18.10.2017

Leo Michel in JMC's vlog

Visiting Senior Fellow Leo Michel he talked about consistencies in and possible changes to U.S. foreign policy in the era of Trump in JMC's vlog.

News, 17.10.2017

Marco Siddi's peer-reviewed article

Senior Research Fellow Marco Siddi has written a peer-reviewed article "Identities and Vulnerabilities: The Ukraine Crisis and the Securitisation of the EU-Russia Gas Trade"

News, 13.10.2017

Finland and China: Pragmatism Prevails

Senior Research Fellow Jyrki Kallio has written a peer-reviewed article entitled "Finland and China: Pragmatism Prevails" to book China and Nordic Diplomacy.

EILEN - Archive and Chronology of Finnish Foreign Policy

The Finnish Institute of International Affairs (FIIA) maintains an online archive Eilen which consists of speeches and key documents related to Finnish foreign policy. In addition, the site features a chronology detailing the most significant events in Finnish foreign policy since 1973.

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The European Union

The European Union

The European Union research programme focuses on the EU's global and regional role, including the internal dynamics of the Union. The main research themes are the EU's external relations and institutional development.

The EU’s Eastern Neighbourhood and Russia

The EU’s Eastern Neighbourhood and Russia

The EU's Eastern Neighbourhood and Russia research programme studies the EU's eastern environment with a special focus on Russia's domestic, foreign and security policy. The programme concentrates on political developments in the region and the dynamics of the conflict in and over Ukraine. It also studies international relations in the EU's eastern neighbourhood and the relationship between the region and the EU.

Global Security

Global Security

The Global Security research programme approaches global security challenges within the framework of broad security. The programme seeks to understand the global trajectories of security that have significance for the European and Finnish security environments. The issues approached include the prospects for global governance systems, changes in the major power structure, significant factors in functional and regional security and insecurity, the role of the transatlantic relationship in world politics, and the different dimensions of the European security policy.

The Center on US Politics and Power

The aim of the Center on US Politics and Power is to provide research and expertise on the US global role and its foreign and domestic policy. The Center works in conjunction with the Global Security Programme at the FIIA and was established in 2013. FIIA's US research is supported by the Jane and Aatos Erkko Foundation.