Approaches to conflict management
UN Photo / Sylvain Fliechti

Approaches to conflict management

FIIA Analysis

Managing conflict after civil war - The power-sharing and power-dividing approaches

Matthew Hoddie's FIIA Analysis considers two institutional alternatives for managing conflict following the negotiated settlement of civil war. The most common set of institutional structures that former civil war combat-ants adopt are associated with power sharing across the political, military, territorial, and economic dimensions of state power. An alternative is the adoption of power-dividing institutions limiting the scope of government authority and establishing a wide-ranging system of checks and balances intended to manage the competing interests within a country.

Local border traffic regulation helps keep borders ajar
Photo by European Commission

Local border traffic regulation helps keep borders ajar

FIIA Report 41

Keeping the Door Ajar: Local border traffic regimes on the EU’s eastern borders

The EU eastward 2004 enlargement and the consequent entry of new EU member states into the Schengen area in 2007 resulted in a considerable increase in visa fees and complications concerning visa procedures for applicants. As a result, the Local Border Traffic (LBT) Regulation appeared to be a timely legal tool for the eastern EU member states to mitigate the negative effects of their accession to the Schengen area and to keep the borders ajar for legitimate border-crossing for family, cultural, social and economic reasons. The 2006 EU Regulation makes it possible for the EU countries and Schengen non-EU members to conclude agreements with neighbouring third states on a visa-free land border-crossing regime for border residents. Andrei Yeliseyeu analyses the functioning and potential of the Local Border Traffic Regulation in the latest FIIA Report.

Geopolitics of flows
Photo: Mike Herbst / Flickr / Creative Commons

Geopolitics of flows

Report 40

Towards the Geopolitics of Flows: Implications for Finland

Geopolitics is increasingly defined by the strengthening force of stable and secure global flows of goods, resources, finance, people and information. These flows rely on and use the various common domains: the high seas, airspace, space and cyberspace. This report highlights a shift away from territorial geopolitics towards the geopolitics of global flows and global commons, and analyzes the implications of this geopolitical transformation to Finland. The report is the final output of a research project funded by the Scientific Advisory Board for Defence and the National Emergency Supply Agency.

Working Paper

Securing global commons: A small state perspective

Mika Aaltola, Joonas Sipilä, Valtteri Vuorisalo

European diplomacy taking shape
The EU Delegation, on the Moskva River embankment in Moscow's Yakimanka neighbourhood, coordinates European diplomats on the ground. Photo: NVO / Wikimedia Commons.

European diplomacy taking shape

FIIA Analysis 1

Pioneers of a European Diplomatic System: EU delegations in Moscow and Washington

Since December 2009, the European Union has been represented abroad by more than 130 delegations, which are an integral part of the new European External Action Service (EEAS). Heidi Maurer and Kristi Raik argue that, following on from an early albeit cautious success, the delegations should take a stronger role in providing input into EU policy-making, promoting European interests abroad, and advancing consensus among member states’ representatives in the field. The publication launches FIIA Analysis series which provides in-depth analysis of policy-relevant issues in international affairs.

Report

Equipping the European Union for the 21st century

Rosa Balfour & Kristi Raik

FIIA Comment

Managing the decline of European diplomacy

Kristi Raik & Teemu Rantanen

European security landscape reshaped?
Photo: European Commission

European security landscape reshaped?

FIIA Column

Crimea as a trophy in the Kremlin symbolic game

Russia’s actions in Crimea may have profound implications for European security landscape. However, before any major conclusions can be made, we should carefully analyze not just events on the ground, but the ways in which they are framed in the Russian (and Western) discourse. This may help us to better understand what is going on, Senior Research Fellow Katri Pynnöniemi argues in the latest FIIA Column.

Differentiated integration
Photo by European External Action Service

Differentiated integration

Report

Multi-speed Europe? Differentiated integration in the external relations of the European Union

Differentiated integration is not a new phenomenon in European integration. It has taken various forms over a wide range of policy areas in the past. Importantly, differentiated integration is not merely an internal question for the EU as the Union’s organization and internal dynamics also shape its external actorness. Consequently, various forms of differentiation are present in the EU’s external relations and policies. The objective of this report is to take a closer look at differentiated integration in the EU’s external relations and to discuss its implications for the EU’s aspirations to forge more unitary and effective external policies.

Briefing Paper

European Defence Under Scrutiny

Tuomas Iso-Markku

Briefing Paper

Updating the EMU

Samu Kurri

The EU after the economic crisis
Photo by European Commission

The EU after the economic crisis

Briefing Paper

Updating The EMU: Differentiated economic integration in the European Union

The financial and economic crisis has reinforced the two-layer economic integration structure in the EU, Samu Kurri argues in the latest FIIA Briefing Paper. Even if the Eurogroup remains ‘formally informal’, it has managed to transform itself into a de facto institution within the EU, and its role and weight is likely to increase rather than decrease. The paper is part of a joint research project carried out by FIIA and the Research Institute for the Finnish Economy (ETLA) with the support of the Jane & Aatos Erkko Foundation.

Briefing Paper

Towards a Deeper EMU

Juha Jokela

Briefing Paper

Three Options for the EU

Teija Tiilikainen

The Global Arctic
Photo by Johannes Roaldsen Fürst / Norwegian Armed Forces

The Global Arctic

Briefing Paper

Arctic Conflict Potential: Towards an extra-Arctic perspective

According to a popular notion, huge natural resource reserves located in the Arctic region will lead to a conflictual "gold rush" when Arctic states compete to claim these reserves for themselves. However, an interstate conflict in the Arctic would most likely relate to complex global dynamics that may spill over to the region and which cannot be addressed with existing Arctic governance mechanisms. Juha Käpylä and Harri Mikkola argue that this extra-Arctic perspective should be increasingly taken into consideration by scholars and policy-makers.

Thu 4.9.2014 at 14:00-16:00

Emerging Powers and the New Geo-Economics of Global Trade

Requires registration

Fri 5.9.2014 at 09:30-11:30

From Regional Power to Great Power Status: exploring the links

Requires registration

Thu 11.9.2014 at 17:00-18:30

US-Russia Relations and the EU in the light of the conflict in Ukraine

By invitation only

 

In the media, 1.9.2014

An Interview with Teija Tiilikainen, Director of the Finnish Institute of International Affairs (FIIA)

Zürich's ETH university published on its website on September 1st an interview with the Institute's Director Teija Tiilikainen. In the interview, Tiilikainen commented for instance the work of the Institute and Finland's possible membership in the Nato.

In the media, 1.9.2014

Ukraine objects Putin

Senior Research Fellow at the Institute Kristi Raik commented on Ukraine's situation in Kansan Uutiset on August 31st. According to her, in order to understand Ukraine one has to keep in mind that it is a multiethnic nation with a lot of bilingual people. (in Finnish)

In the media, 1.9.2014

Putin's Eastern Ukraine talk confuse

Senior Research Fellow at the Institute Katri Pynnöniemi commented on Russia and Ukraine's situation in Ilta-Sanomat on August 31st. According to her, the Russian president Vladimir Putin needs to explain to his domestic audience that Russia is trying to end the war, which confuses the Western audience. (in Finnish)

EILEN - Archive and Chronology of Finnish Foreign Policy

The Finnish Institute of International Affairs (FIIA) maintains an online archive Eilen which consists of speeches and key documents related to Finnish foreign policy. In addition, the site features a chronology detailing the most significant events in Finnish foreign policy since 1973.

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The European Union

The European Union

The European Union research programme focuses on the EU's global and regional role, including the internal dynamics of the Union. The main research themes are the EU's external relations, economic policies and institutional development.

The EU’s Eastern Neighbourhood and Russia

The EU’s Eastern Neighbourhood and Russia

The EU's Eastern Neighbourhood and Russia research programme studies the EU's eastern environment with a special focus on Russia's domestic, foreign and security policy. In particular, the programme concentrates on political developments in the region and the process of the Eurasian integration. It also studies international relations in the EU's eastern neighbourhood and the relationship between the region and the EU.

Global Security

Global Security

The Global Security research programme approaches global security challenges within the framework of broad security. The programme seeks to understand the global trajectories of security that have significance for the European and Finnish security environments. The issues approached include the prospects for global governance systems, changes in the major power structure, significant factors in functional and regional security and insecurity, the role of the transatlantic relationship in world politics, and the different dimensions of the European security policy.

The Center for US Politics and Power

The aim of the Center for US Politics and Power is to provide research and expertise on the US global role and its foreign and domestic policy. The Center works in conjunction with the Global Security Programme at the FIIA and was established in 2013. FIIA's US research is supported by the Jane and Aatos Erkko Foundation.