Russia's strategy of deception
Photo: The Presidential Press and Information Office of Russia

Russia's strategy of deception

Report 45

Fog of Falsehood: Russian Strategy of Deception and the Conflict in Ukraine

A new FIIA Report edited by Katri Pynnöniemi and András Rácz analyses Russian propaganda and disinformation – here collectively called strategic deception – concerning the conflict in Ukraine. The case studies of the report examine the emergence of pre-formulated Russian metanarratives and concepts in various EU countries. Despite similar methods the Soviet propaganda was anchored in ideological truth claims, while the contemporary Russian variant can be compared to a kaleidoscope: a light piercing through it is instantly transformed into multiple versions of reality.

German leadership in the EU
Kuva: Photo: The European Council / / Creative Commons 2.0

German leadership in the EU

Report 44

Europe’s New Political Engine: Germany’s role in the EU’s foreign and security policy

The economically strong Germany has become Europe’s new political engine. It has become an unlikely and unusual foreign policy leader, which still differs in various aspects from traditional foreign policy powerhouses. The latest FIIA Report, edited by Niklas Helwig, analyses the way in which Germany took up its new role and the implications that German leadership has for the EU’s foreign and security policy.

Energy Geoeconomics
Photo by IAEA / Creative Commons 2.0 /

Energy Geoeconomics

Briefing Paper 191

Dividing the EU with energy? Unpacking Russia's energy geoeconomics

Russia’s economic ideology is increasingly based on its national security interests instead of modernisation or free trade. Russia’s use of its energy resources as a means of enhancing its strategic influence in its neighbourhood and the EU can be analysed as energy geoeconomics, Toivo Martikainen and Antto Vihma argue.

East Mediterranean Political Prospects
Photo: John Halbrook / Creative Commons 2.0 /

East Mediterranean Political Prospects

Working Paper 90

Turkey's political direction: Authoritarianism, liberal democracy or dissolution?

After the re-run of the parliamentary election on 1 November 2015, it is certain that Turkey will again be ruled by the Justice and Development Party’s (AKP) one-party government. Based on this premise, Toni Alaranta's study provides a future-oriented analysis in the form of three scenarios: 1) an authoritarian Islamist state; 2) a consolidated liberal democracy; and 3) the dissolution of the Turkish state.

Russia in crisis mode
Photo: The Presidential Press and Information Office of Russia

Russia in crisis mode

FIIA Analysis 6

Zugzwang in slow motion? The implications of Russia’s system-level crisis

The upsurge in Russia’s foreign political and military activity should be understood as a reaction to several internal and external setbacks that the Russian system has suffered in recent years. As a result, the Russian leadership has switched on a crisis mode that legitimises exceptional measures in both foreign and domestic policy. The latest FIIA Analysis has been co-authored by Veera Laine, Toivo Martikainen, Katri Pynnöniemi and Sinikukka Saari.

Will the Paris climate conference deliver?
Photo: Moyan Brenn / / CC 2.0

Will the Paris climate conference deliver?

Briefing Paper

Paris Stress Test: Can the UN climate talks deliver?

How the Paris agreement is perceived in the public eye has consequences for later events – in terms of good and bad publicity, political pressure, momentum, and hope. In more concrete terms, it will have impacts on countries’ political opportunities to strengthen their national contributions, as well as on the credibility of the UN climate regime as a whole, Senior Research Fellow Antto Vihma argues in a FIIA Briefing Paper.

Legal obligations of the UN Security Council
Photo by Jeffrey Zeldman / Flickr / Creative Commons 2.0

Legal obligations of the UN Security Council

FIIA Analysis 5

Can the Law Help? Debating Security Council Inaction on Syria

The inaction of the UN Security Council with respect to the Syrian crisis has generated widespread aversion. Scholars of international law have, however, debated whether the Security Council could be legally obliged to act in respect of a mass atrocity crisis. Although this emerging position is controversial, it shows that the argumentation in connection to Security Council inaction is toughening up through increased resort to hard law. Senior Research Fellow Katja Creutz analyses the discussion concerning the legal obligations of the UN Security Council.

The stalemate on the Korean Peninsula
Photo: NASA

The stalemate on the Korean Peninsula

Briefing Paper 180

No light in sight on the Korean Peninsula: Lingering threats and regional responses

The situation on the Korean Peninsula remains highly unpredictable and continues to pose a major threat to regional stability and global security. Geo-political and geo-economic competition prevents the neighbours of North Korea from forming a united front with or without the US. New confidence-building measures, such as those launched by South Korea, only offer a glimmer of hope for rapprochement in the longer term, Jyrki Kallio and Bart Gaens argue in a new Briefing Paper.

Russia's hybrid war in Ukraine
Photo: Robin Koskas / Flickr / Creative Commons 2.0

Russia's hybrid war in Ukraine

Report 43

Russia's Hybrid War in Ukraine: Breaking the Enemy's Ability to Resist

The form of warfare Russia employed in Ukraine in 2014, often called hybrid war, has been aimed at defeating the target country by breaking its ability to resist without actually launching a full-scale military attack. Hybrid war is built on the combined use of military and non-military means, employing basically the whole spectrum of a state’s policy inventory. In a new FIIA Report, András Rácz asks whether the Russian hybrid war is a universal warfare method deployable anywhere.

FIIA Comment

Preparing Finland for hybrid warfare

Charly Salonius-Pasternak & Jarno Limnéll

Mon 30.5.2016 at 14:00-16:00

How to Resolve Europe's Multiple Crises?

Requires registration

Tue 7.6.2016 at 10:00-12:00

Power-Sharing Prospects in Syria
Timely, Optimistic or Plainly Delusional?

By invitation only

Fri 10.6.2016 at 10:00-12:00

The North Korean Security Threat and its Regional Implications

Requires registration


News, 27.5.2016

Peer-reviewed article on the EU's security policy

Senior Research Fellow at the Institute Wolfgang Mühlberger has - together with Patrick Müller - written a peer-reviewed article on the EU's security policy in the MENA region.

News, 26.5.2016

Europe in flux: An unusual journey

Visiting Senior Fellow at the Institute Michael Haltzel has written an article on his ten-day trip in four small European countries: Estonia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro and Austria.

News, 25.5.2016

Recent peer-reviewed article on Central Asia

Senior Research Fellow Juha Käpylä and Program Director Mika Aaltola have written a peer-reviewed article to a book called: "The Regional security puzzle around Afghanistan: Bordering practices in Central Asia and beyond".

Finnish Journal of Foreign Affairs

Ulkopolitiikka 2/2016

EILEN - Archive and Chronology of Finnish Foreign Policy

The Finnish Institute of International Affairs (FIIA) maintains an online archive Eilen which consists of speeches and key documents related to Finnish foreign policy. In addition, the site features a chronology detailing the most significant events in Finnish foreign policy since 1973.

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The European Union

The European Union

The European Union research programme focuses on the EU's global and regional role, including the internal dynamics of the Union. The main research themes are the EU's external relations and institutional development.

The EU’s Eastern Neighbourhood and Russia

The EU’s Eastern Neighbourhood and Russia

The EU's Eastern Neighbourhood and Russia research programme studies the EU's eastern environment with a special focus on Russia's domestic, foreign and security policy. In particular, the programme concentrates on political developments in the region and the process of the Eurasian integration. It also studies international relations in the EU's eastern neighbourhood and the relationship between the region and the EU.

Global Security

Global Security

The Global Security research programme approaches global security challenges within the framework of broad security. The programme seeks to understand the global trajectories of security that have significance for the European and Finnish security environments. The issues approached include the prospects for global governance systems, changes in the major power structure, significant factors in functional and regional security and insecurity, the role of the transatlantic relationship in world politics, and the different dimensions of the European security policy.

The Center on US Politics and Power

The aim of the Center on US Politics and Power is to provide research and expertise on the US global role and its foreign and domestic policy. The Center works in conjunction with the Global Security Programme at the FIIA and was established in 2013. FIIA's US research is supported by the Jane and Aatos Erkko Foundation.