EU's climate policy in transition
Photograph by Alfred T. Parker / Library of Congress

EU's climate policy in transition

Briefing Paper

A Turning Point in the EU’s Climate Policy? Carbon capture and the third period of the emissions trading scheme

The scope of the global climate policy is changing towards the post-2020 situation and the stringent regulation of carbon-intensive activities. A more ambitious climate policy is needed because global climate change shows no signs of abating – on the contrary, it seems to be worsening. Carbon capture and storage (CCS) is one of the solutions associated with the success of the EU’s emissions trading scheme. The latest FIIA Briefing Paper by Jarkko Levänen examines the prospects of Carbon capture technologies as a part of the EU’s climate policy.

Ukraine's challenges
Photo by jamesbwerk / Flickr

Ukraine's challenges

Briefing Paper

The war and reforms in Ukraine: Can it cope with both?

Arkady Moshes examines the challenges faced by a war-torn Ukraine in the latest FIIA Briefing Paper. The military conflict in the eastern part of Ukraine is the main factor determining also the internal political situation in the country. On the one hand, as long as the conflict calls for national consolidation and strengthens the understanding that only a reformed Ukraine may hope to endure, the war should drive the transformation. On the other hand, the conflict poses a major impediment to the changes, not only because it is a drain on resources, but even more so because it tempts Ukraine to blame its own inaction on “objective difficulties”.

The US Congress and war powers
Photo by Roman Boed / Flickr

The US Congress and war powers

Working Paper

The US Congress and decision-making on war: Debates on war powers in the separation of powers system

Anna Kronlund's Working Paper focuses on the topical debates on the war-making powers of the US Congress and the President. President Barack Obama’s actions in relation to Libya (2011), Syria (2013), and more recently the "targeted” actions against ISIL in Iraq and Syria, have raised discussions about the powers of the President as the Commander-in-Chief vis-à-vis the powers of Congress. If and when should the President seek congressional authorization for the use of US armed forces?

FIIA Comment

The Republicans gain the upper hand

Mika Aaltola

FIIA Comment

Passing the Arctic Council torch to the US and beyond

Juha Käpylä & Harri Mikkola

Support for separatists in Eastern Ukraine is costly to Russia
Photo by OSCE / Evgeniy Maloletka

Support for separatists in Eastern Ukraine is costly to Russia

FIIA Analysis

Not Another Transnistria: How sustainable is separatism in Eastern Ukraine?

The situation in Eastern Ukraine is often compared with that of Transnistria, the separatist region of Moldova. However, the two cases differ for a number of reasons, all of which will make the “Novorossiya” project much harder for Russia to sustain than Transnistria. First and foremost, unlike Transnistria, the Donetsk and Luhansk People’s Republics in their current shape will be unable to influence the everyday political and economic functioning of Ukraine. Senior Research Fellow András Rácz and Programme Director Arkady Moshes compare the separatist regions of Eastern Ukraine to Transnistria in the latest FIIA Analysis.

EU sanctions against Russia
Photo by Emiliano / Flickr.com

EU sanctions against Russia

Briefing Paper

EU sanctions against Russia: Europe brings a hard edge to its economic power

Kristi Raik, Niklas Helwig and Juha Jokela argue that the EU has responded to the Ukraine crisis with a set of political and economic sanctions against Russia which constitute a qualitatively new step in the EU sanction policy. The EU sanctions against Russia are exceptional and have strategic importance due to a combination of three factors: big power rivalry, the context of a major European crisis with global ramifications, and the costs of the sanctions for the EU itself.

FIIA Comment

A pause in the conflict in Ukraine

Arkady Moshes

Eurasian Economic Union facing an uphill struggle
Photo: the Presidential Press and Information Office of Russia

Eurasian Economic Union facing an uphill struggle

FIIA Analysis

The Eurasian Economic Union: Breaking the pattern of post-Soviet integration?

The Eurasian Economic Union between Belarus, Kazakhstan and Russia, due to come into effect from January 2015, consolidates a market of 170 million people with a combined GDP of almost 3 trillion US dollars. On paper, the union has the potential to transform economic relations in the region and to offer an alternative to the EU in the post-Soviet space. However, weak institutions and large asymmetry between member states are continuing to hinder closer ties and the crisis in Ukraine had led to an increasingly hostile international environment. Hence, the Eurasian Economic Union faces an uphill struggle to maintain momentum and deliver the results member states desire, the latest FIIA Analysis argues.

Approaches to conflict management
UN Photo / Sylvain Fliechti

Approaches to conflict management

FIIA Analysis

Managing conflict after civil war - The power-sharing and power-dividing approaches

Matthew Hoddie's FIIA Analysis considers two institutional alternatives for managing conflict following the negotiated settlement of civil war. The most common set of institutional structures that former civil war combat-ants adopt are associated with power sharing across the political, military, territorial, and economic dimensions of state power. An alternative is the adoption of power-dividing institutions limiting the scope of government authority and establishing a wide-ranging system of checks and balances intended to manage the competing interests within a country.

Local border traffic regulation helps keep borders ajar
Photo by European Commission

Local border traffic regulation helps keep borders ajar

FIIA Report 41

Keeping the Door Ajar: Local border traffic regimes on the EU’s eastern borders

The EU eastward 2004 enlargement and the consequent entry of new EU member states into the Schengen area in 2007 resulted in a considerable increase in visa fees and complications concerning visa procedures for applicants. As a result, the Local Border Traffic (LBT) Regulation appeared to be a timely legal tool for the eastern EU member states to mitigate the negative effects of their accession to the Schengen area and to keep the borders ajar for legitimate border-crossing for family, cultural, social and economic reasons. The 2006 EU Regulation makes it possible for the EU countries and Schengen non-EU members to conclude agreements with neighbouring third states on a visa-free land border-crossing regime for border residents. Andrei Yeliseyeu analyses the functioning and potential of the Local Border Traffic Regulation in the latest FIIA Report.

Geopolitics of flows
Photo: Mike Herbst / Flickr / Creative Commons

Geopolitics of flows

Report 40

Towards the Geopolitics of Flows: Implications for Finland

Geopolitics is increasingly defined by the strengthening force of stable and secure global flows of goods, resources, finance, people and information. These flows rely on and use the various common domains: the high seas, airspace, space and cyberspace. This report highlights a shift away from territorial geopolitics towards the geopolitics of global flows and global commons, and analyzes the implications of this geopolitical transformation to Finland. The report is the final output of a research project funded by the Scientific Advisory Board for Defence and the National Emergency Supply Agency.

Working Paper

Securing global commons: A small state perspective

Mika Aaltola, Joonas Sipilä, Valtteri Vuorisalo

European diplomacy taking shape
The EU Delegation, on the Moskva River embankment in Moscow's Yakimanka neighbourhood, coordinates European diplomats on the ground. Photo: NVO / Wikimedia Commons.

European diplomacy taking shape

FIIA Analysis 1

Pioneers of a European Diplomatic System: EU delegations in Moscow and Washington

Since December 2009, the European Union has been represented abroad by more than 130 delegations, which are an integral part of the new European External Action Service (EEAS). Heidi Maurer and Kristi Raik argue that, following on from an early albeit cautious success, the delegations should take a stronger role in providing input into EU policy-making, promoting European interests abroad, and advancing consensus among member states’ representatives in the field. The publication launches FIIA Analysis series which provides in-depth analysis of policy-relevant issues in international affairs.

Report

Equipping the European Union for the 21st century

Rosa Balfour & Kristi Raik

FIIA Comment

Managing the decline of European diplomacy

Kristi Raik & Teemu Rantanen

Thu 28.5.2015 at 09:00-11:00

What direction for the EU after the UK election?

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Once a month

UPI Breakfast Briefing

Breakfast Briefings deal with topical EU affairs which have implications for Finns and Finland.

News, 22.5.2015

Dr. Saari to the Editorial Board of 'Russian Politics'

Senior Research Fellow at the Institute, Dr. Sinikukka Saari has been invited to the Editorial Board of a new academic journal, 'Russian Politics'.

In the media, 19.5.2015

Is the EU building a fortress Europe?

Senior Research Fellow Toni Alaranta discussed EU's reaction to illegal migration across the Mediterranean in Yle morning television show on 19 May. (in Finnish)

In the media, 18.5.2015

New division shakes European left

Research Fellow Tuomas Iso-Markku commented on the state of the European left in an interview by STT. He argued that a bit more radical leftist parties have emerged to challenge the traditional socialist parties at least in the crisis countries. (in Finnish)

EILEN - Archive and Chronology of Finnish Foreign Policy

The Finnish Institute of International Affairs (FIIA) maintains an online archive Eilen which consists of speeches and key documents related to Finnish foreign policy. In addition, the site features a chronology detailing the most significant events in Finnish foreign policy since 1973.

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The European Union

The European Union

The European Union research programme focuses on the EU's global and regional role, including the internal dynamics of the Union. The main research themes are the EU's external relations, economic policies and institutional development.

The EU’s Eastern Neighbourhood and Russia

The EU’s Eastern Neighbourhood and Russia

The EU's Eastern Neighbourhood and Russia research programme studies the EU's eastern environment with a special focus on Russia's domestic, foreign and security policy. In particular, the programme concentrates on political developments in the region and the process of the Eurasian integration. It also studies international relations in the EU's eastern neighbourhood and the relationship between the region and the EU.

Global Security

Global Security

The Global Security research programme approaches global security challenges within the framework of broad security. The programme seeks to understand the global trajectories of security that have significance for the European and Finnish security environments. The issues approached include the prospects for global governance systems, changes in the major power structure, significant factors in functional and regional security and insecurity, the role of the transatlantic relationship in world politics, and the different dimensions of the European security policy.

The Center for US Politics and Power

The aim of the Center for US Politics and Power is to provide research and expertise on the US global role and its foreign and domestic policy. The Center works in conjunction with the Global Security Programme at the FIIA and was established in 2013. FIIA's US research is supported by the Jane and Aatos Erkko Foundation.

Call for Papers: CUSPP Summer Session
Helsinki 9-12 September 2015