Research

Research programmes

Projects

The Politics of Climate Change

The Politics of Climate Change

The project investigates the current politicization of climate change on the global, European, and national level.On the global level, the project offers timely and novel analysis on the most pressing collective action problems facing global governance. The focus is on the Paris Agreement, and especially its crucial component, transparency. How can the key provisions of the Paris Agreement be implemented in turbulent times, increasingly characterized by multipolar competition?On the European level, the project focuses on the Green New Deal and the climate agenda of the new European Commission,...
European Strategic Autonomy in a Geo-economic World

European Strategic Autonomy in a Geo-economic World

The project investigates the consequences of Europe’s push for strategic autonomy for the EU as an international actor and for its relationships with other powers in the international order. Strategic autonomy is here defined as the ability to make foreign and security policy decisions and to carry them through in cooperation with third parties, or if need be alone.The project starts from the observation that the EU’s strategic autonomy is largely dependent on its resilience in the global geo-economic competition. China and the US are increasingly using economic instruments to realize their...
EU IDEA – Integration and Differentiation for Effectiveness and Accountability

EU IDEA – Integration and Differentiation for Effectiveness and Accountability

The Finnish Institute of International Affairs (FIIA) leads a work package on EU foreign, security and defence policy in the EU IDEA research project, which studies differentiated integration in the European Union. 15 research institutes and universities participate in EU IDEA, coordinated by the Istituto Affari Internazionali (IAI) in Rome. The objective of the project is to find out how much and what type of differentiation supports an effective, cohesive and democratic EU. This project has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant...
Finland and Climate Security in an Interdependent World

Finland and Climate Security in an Interdependent World

The Finnish Institute of International Affairs (FIIA), the Finnish Meteorological Institute, Security Analysis Oy and Tyrsky Consulting are jointly conducting a research project titled “Finland and Climate Security in an Interdependent World”. The project is part of the Finnish Government’s 2020 analysis, assessment and research activities (VN-TEAS) and will conclude in May 2021.Climate change threatens the stability and security of society in many ways, and its effects will only intensify in the coming decades. Both the changing climate, and strong mitigation efforts create new uncertainties...
Northern Europe in Russia’s Foreign and Security Policy

Northern Europe in Russia’s Foreign and Security Policy

The Finnish Institute of International Affairs (FIIA), the Aleksanteri Institute (AI) and the National Defence University (NDU) are jointly conducting a research project titled “Northern Europe in Russia’s Foreign and Security Policy”. The project is part of the Finnish Government’s 2020 analysis, assessment and research activities (VN-TEAS) and will conclude in April 2022.During the last few years, the security environment of Finland’s surrounding neighbourhood has been a subject of increasing political and scholarly interest. Competent research has also been conducted on Russian...

Past projects

Development of EU’s Sanctions Policy: Political and economic implications for Finland

Development of EU’s Sanctions Policy: Political and economic implications for Finland

The Finnish Institute of International Affairs (FIIA) jointly with the Research Institute of the Finnish Economy (Etla) conducted a research project entitled ”Development of EU’s Sanctions Policy: Political and economic implications for Finland”. The Project was part of the Finnish Government’s analysis, assessment and research activities (VN-TEAS) for 2019, and it ran until May 2020.The European Union has increasingly used sanctions (restrictive measures) as a foreign policy tool. Recently, the EU has also imposed tougher – and targeted – economic sanctions against a neighbouring major...
New Challenges for Strategic Deterrence in the 21st Century

New Challenges for Strategic Deterrence in the 21st Century

After a decades-long hiatus, issues involving nuclear weapons have returned to the forefront of international security concerns. The Finnish Institute of International Affairs conducted a study of the changing nature of strategic deterrence, especially insofar as it involves the role of nuclear weapons, and the implications for Europe over the coming decade or so.  The study examined how deterrence currently operates in major potential conflict regions (with an emphasis on Europe), the changes (e.g., technological, doctrinal, and political) that likely will shape its development over the next...
Helsinki +40

Helsinki +40

FIIA participated in the OSCE Parliamentary Assembly's Helsinki +40 Project, an initiative that brought together security and human rights experts, politicians and academia to evaluate the OSCE's past and chart concrete lines of action for the future. Consisting of seminars at the Russian International Affairs Council (RIAC) in Moscow; the German Marshall Fund of the United States (GMF) in Washington; and the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI) in Stockholm, the Project culminated in a final Colloquium organized by FIIA on the site of the signing of the OSCE's founding...
Russia's changing role in Finland's neighbourhood

Russia's changing role in Finland's neighbourhood

FIIA conducted a one-year research project entitled ‘Russia's changing role in Finland's neighbourhood'. The project was part of the implementation of the Government Plan for Analysis, Assessment and Research for 2015. The project examined Russia's political system, the country's energy and Arctic policies as well as its role in the Baltic Sea region security environment and drew conclusions and made policy recommendations for the Finnish government.The project's findings were published in FIIA Analyses and Briefing Papers, and the final report was delivered to the Prime Minister's Office in...
America’s changing global role and its impacts on transatlantic relations

America’s changing global role and its impacts on transatlantic relations

This project investigated the evolution of America’s global engagement. In particular, it examined both the longer-term trends and the more immediate dynamics that affect the global role of the United States.The project’s final report Between change and continuity: Making Sense of America’s Evolving Global Engagement first considered domestic developments as well as strategic debates, to provide a context for understanding the potential changes and continuities in American foreign and security policy during and beyond the unfolding Trump era. The intention was to shed light on the evolution...
A Stronger North? Developing Nordic cooperation on foreign and security policy

A Stronger North? Developing Nordic cooperation on foreign and security policy

FIIA conducted a one-year research project entitled: A Stronger North? – Developing Nordic cooperation on foreign and security policy. The project was part of the implementation of the Finnish Government Plan for Analysis, Assessment and Research activities for 2017. The project examined possibilities for deepening Nordic cooperation in the field of foreign and security policy and it drew conclusions and made policy recommendations for the Finnish government. The project’s findings were published in FIIA Report format and the summary of key findings was delivered to the Prime Minister’s...
Changing Great Power Politics and Its Implications to Finland

Changing Great Power Politics and Its Implications to Finland

The Finnish Institute of International Affairs conducted a nine-month research project which focused on the developments of two great power relationships: (1) the relations between China and Russia, and (2) the relations between the United States and Russia. These relationships were analysed both in a larger global framework as well as from regional perspectives in the light of recent international as well as domestic developments. Even though the focus was on the aforementioned relations, the project also aimed at drawing conclusions for the European Union and Finland. The project was part of the...
The EU as a Security Community: citizens’ views and values

The EU as a Security Community: citizens’ views and values

The Finnish Institute of International Affairs conducted a research project entitled ”The EU as a Security Community: citizens’ views and values”. Part of the Government’s analysis, assessment and research activities (VN-TEAS), the project ran until December 2018.Over the last years, the European security situation has significantly worsened. Global and regional crises have hit Europe hard, calling for more vigorous EU-level measures. Consequently, the Union’s role in the field of security has grown in significance from the perspective of both member states and citizens. Research...
Finland and the Tightening Competition in Global Politics

Finland and the Tightening Competition in Global Politics

FIIA conducted a research project entitled ‘Finland and the Tightening Competition in Global Politics’. The project was part of the implementation of the Government Plan for Analysis, Assessment and Research activities and lasted until December 2018. The project analyses critical global and regional trends that may affect Finland’s international position in the near future.The research project was divided into three thematical but still interlinked sections: a) global political setting b) regional political setting (incl. the EU and Russia) c) Finland and its close neighborhood.Every...
The External Dimensions of Counter-terrorism

The External Dimensions of Counter-terrorism

The Finnish Institute of International Affairs was conducting a research project entitled “The external dimensions of counter-terrorism”. The project was part of the implementation of the Government Plan for Analysis, Assessment and Research activities (VN-TEAS) and ended in the beginning of 2020.The fight against terrorism has been one of the key priorities of the EU’s foreign and security policy since the 9/11 terrorist attacks and the 2003 Security Strategy. Common strategies on counter-terrorism and on the cooperation between security authorities have shaped the practices and concepts...