Differentiation and flexible integration are already the reality in the EU. In recent years, differentiation has been increasingly discussed as a way to move beyond the multiple dividing lines within the EU and to increase the effectiveness of the Union. An interesting example from the Finnish perspective is the area of defence where member states have introduced Permanent Structured Cooperation, work in different minilateral formats, and currently discuss the role of coalitions of the willing in developing the EU’s rapid reaction forces. However, there are also widespread concerns about increasing differentiation for example regarding the rule of law, migration and asylum policy, and the Single Market.
What are the prospects of differentiated integration in the years to come? How does Finland position itself? And what does differentiation mean in the defence field?
This event discusses the implications of differentiated integration. Input is provided by policymakers from Finland and the participants of InDivEU, a high-level European research project on differentiation. The event will be held in English.
Satu Hassi, Member of Parliament, Chair of the Grand Committee, Parliament of Finland
Saila Heinikoski, Senior Research Fellow, European Union research programme, FIIA
Eveliina Heinäluoma, Member of Parliament, Parliament of Finland
Marta Migliorati, Max Weber Fellow, Robert Schuman Centre for Advanced Studies, EUI
Ilmari Uljas, Senior Specialist, Ministry of Defence of Finland
Juha Jokela, Programme Director, European Union research programme, FIIA and
Tuomas Iso-Markku, Research Fellow, European Union research programme, FIIA