The Rise of Geoeconomics
Photo: Nils Öberg / Wikimedia Commons

The Rise of Geoeconomics

Briefing Paper

China’s Advance in Latin America: Geostrategic Implications for Europe, the US, and the Region Itself

China is rapidly growing its presence in Latin America. While the Chinese activities are predominantly economic, they have long-standing strategic consequences for Europe, the US and the region itself. After a recent change towards more pro-Western political leadership in the region, Europe and the US should seize the moment and engage with Latin America on a more equal footing by offering actual multilateralism, in contrast to China’s more bilateral approach, Mikael Wigell argues in the latest FIIA Briefing Paper.

Academic article in International Affairs

Geopolitics versus geoeconomics: the case of Russia's geostrategy and its effects on the EU

Mikael Wigell & Antto Vihma

US foreign policy beyond 2016
Photo: Pierre Teyssot / European Commission Audiovisual Service

US foreign policy beyond 2016

FIIA Report 46

After Rebalance: Visions for the future of US foreign policy and global role beyond 2016

The foreign policy of the United States has often been seen as oscillating between an isolationist perspective and interventionist tendencies. This fluctuation between minimalism and maximalism allows future foreign policy to be evaluated, if one can correctly diagnose which phase of the supposed back-and-forth movement the US is currently in. A new FIIA Report, edited by Mika Aaltola and Anna Kronlund, examines visions for the future of US foreign policy and global role beyond 2016.

Working Paper

Nordic-Baltic security and US foreign policy: A durable transatlantic link?

Eoin Micheál McNamara, Magnus Nordenman & Charly Salonius-Pasternak

Russia's strategy of deception
Photo: The Presidential Press and Information Office of Russia

Russia's strategy of deception

Report 45

Fog of Falsehood: Russian Strategy of Deception and the Conflict in Ukraine

A new FIIA Report edited by Katri Pynnöniemi and András Rácz analyses Russian propaganda and disinformation – here collectively called strategic deception – concerning the conflict in Ukraine. The case studies of the report examine the emergence of pre-formulated Russian metanarratives and concepts in various EU countries. Despite similar methods the Soviet propaganda was anchored in ideological truth claims, while the contemporary Russian variant can be compared to a kaleidoscope: a light piercing through it is instantly transformed into multiple versions of reality.

German leadership in the EU
Kuva: Photo: The European Council / / Creative Commons 2.0

German leadership in the EU

Report 44

Europe’s New Political Engine: Germany’s role in the EU’s foreign and security policy

The economically strong Germany has become Europe’s new political engine. It has become an unlikely and unusual foreign policy leader, which still differs in various aspects from traditional foreign policy powerhouses. The latest FIIA Report, edited by Niklas Helwig, analyses the way in which Germany took up its new role and the implications that German leadership has for the EU’s foreign and security policy.

Energy Geoeconomics
Photo by IAEA / Creative Commons 2.0 /

Energy Geoeconomics

Briefing Paper 191

Dividing the EU with energy? Unpacking Russia's energy geoeconomics

Russia’s economic ideology is increasingly based on its national security interests instead of modernisation or free trade. Russia’s use of its energy resources as a means of enhancing its strategic influence in its neighbourhood and the EU can be analysed as energy geoeconomics, Toivo Martikainen and Antto Vihma argue.

East Mediterranean Political Prospects
Photo: John Halbrook / Creative Commons 2.0 /

East Mediterranean Political Prospects

Working Paper 90

Turkey's political direction: Authoritarianism, liberal democracy or dissolution?

After the re-run of the parliamentary election on 1 November 2015, it is certain that Turkey will again be ruled by the Justice and Development Party’s (AKP) one-party government. Based on this premise, Toni Alaranta's study provides a future-oriented analysis in the form of three scenarios: 1) an authoritarian Islamist state; 2) a consolidated liberal democracy; and 3) the dissolution of the Turkish state.

Russia in crisis mode
Photo: The Presidential Press and Information Office of Russia

Russia in crisis mode

FIIA Analysis 6

Zugzwang in slow motion? The implications of Russia’s system-level crisis

The upsurge in Russia’s foreign political and military activity should be understood as a reaction to several internal and external setbacks that the Russian system has suffered in recent years. As a result, the Russian leadership has switched on a crisis mode that legitimises exceptional measures in both foreign and domestic policy. The latest FIIA Analysis has been co-authored by Veera Laine, Toivo Martikainen, Katri Pynnöniemi and Sinikukka Saari.

Once a month

UPI Breakfast Briefing

Breakfast Briefings deal with topical EU affairs which have implications for Finns and Finland.

FIIA Newsletter, 28.9.2016

FIIA Newsletter 3/2016

FIIA has concluded two projects that focused on EU’s Eastern Neighbourhood and the role of Russia in Finland’s neighbouring areas. In addition, the 3rd Helsinki Summer Session focused on various transatlantic topics.

News, 22.9.2016

Finland and China: Bilateral relations characterized by pragmatic rationality

Senior Research Fellow Jyrki Kallio has written an article on the bilateral relations of Finland and China. It was published by the Norwegian Institute of International Affairs in "Dragon in the North: The Nordic Countries' Relations with China".

News, 14.9.2016

Whose sea?

Senior Research Fellow at the Institute Charly Salonius-Pasternak has written an article on the security policy in the Nordic countries and in the Baltic. (in Swedish)

Finnish Journal of Foreign Affairs

Ulkopolitiikka 3/2016

EILEN - Archive and Chronology of Finnish Foreign Policy

The Finnish Institute of International Affairs (FIIA) maintains an online archive Eilen which consists of speeches and key documents related to Finnish foreign policy. In addition, the site features a chronology detailing the most significant events in Finnish foreign policy since 1973.

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The European Union

The European Union

The European Union research programme focuses on the EU's global and regional role, including the internal dynamics of the Union. The main research themes are the EU's external relations and institutional development.

The EU’s Eastern Neighbourhood and Russia

The EU’s Eastern Neighbourhood and Russia

The EU's Eastern Neighbourhood and Russia research programme studies the EU's eastern environment with a special focus on Russia's domestic, foreign and security policy. In particular, the programme concentrates on political developments in the region and the process of the Eurasian integration. It also studies international relations in the EU's eastern neighbourhood and the relationship between the region and the EU.

Global Security

Global Security

The Global Security research programme approaches global security challenges within the framework of broad security. The programme seeks to understand the global trajectories of security that have significance for the European and Finnish security environments. The issues approached include the prospects for global governance systems, changes in the major power structure, significant factors in functional and regional security and insecurity, the role of the transatlantic relationship in world politics, and the different dimensions of the European security policy.

The Center on US Politics and Power

The aim of the Center on US Politics and Power is to provide research and expertise on the US global role and its foreign and domestic policy. The Center works in conjunction with the Global Security Programme at the FIIA and was established in 2013. FIIA's US research is supported by the Jane and Aatos Erkko Foundation.