FIIA Report 46
The foreign policy of the United States has often been seen as oscillating between an isolationist perspective and interventionist tendencies. This fluctuation between minimalism and maximalism allows future foreign policy to be evaluated, if one can correctly diagnose which phase of the supposed back-and-forth movement the US is currently in. A new FIIA Report, edited by Mika Aaltola and Anna Kronlund, examines visions for the future of US foreign policy and global role beyond 2016.
Eoin Micheál McNamara, Magnus Nordenman & Charly Salonius-Pasternak
A new FIIA Report edited by Katri Pynnöniemi and András Rácz analyses Russian propaganda and disinformation – here collectively called strategic deception – concerning the conflict in Ukraine. The case studies of the report examine the emergence of pre-formulated Russian metanarratives and concepts in various EU countries. Despite similar methods the Soviet propaganda was anchored in ideological truth claims, while the contemporary Russian variant can be compared to a kaleidoscope: a light piercing through it is instantly transformed into multiple versions of reality.
The economically strong Germany has become Europe’s new political engine. It has become an unlikely and unusual foreign policy leader, which still differs in various aspects from traditional foreign policy powerhouses. The latest FIIA Report, edited by Niklas Helwig, analyses the way in which Germany took up its new role and the implications that German leadership has for the EU’s foreign and security policy.
Briefing Paper 191
Russia’s economic ideology is increasingly based on its national security interests instead of modernisation or free trade. Russia’s use of its energy resources as a means of enhancing its strategic influence in its neighbourhood and the EU can be analysed as energy geoeconomics, Toivo Martikainen and Antto Vihma argue.
Working Paper 90
After the re-run of the parliamentary election on 1 November 2015, it is certain that Turkey will again be ruled by the Justice and Development Party’s (AKP) one-party government. Based on this premise, Toni Alaranta's study provides a future-oriented analysis in the form of three scenarios: 1) an authoritarian Islamist state; 2) a consolidated liberal democracy; and 3) the dissolution of the Turkish state.
FIIA Analysis 6
The upsurge in Russia’s foreign political and military activity should be understood as a reaction to several internal and external setbacks that the Russian system has suffered in recent years. As a result, the Russian leadership has switched on a crisis mode that legitimises exceptional measures in both foreign and domestic policy. The latest FIIA Analysis has been co-authored by Veera Laine, Toivo Martikainen, Katri Pynnöniemi and Sinikukka Saari.
How the Paris agreement is perceived in the public eye has consequences for later events – in terms of good and bad publicity, political pressure, momentum, and hope. In more concrete terms, it will have impacts on countries’ political opportunities to strengthen their national contributions, as well as on the credibility of the UN climate regime as a whole, Senior Research Fellow Antto Vihma argues in a FIIA Briefing Paper.
FIIA Analysis 5
The inaction of the UN Security Council with respect to the Syrian crisis has generated widespread aversion. Scholars of international law have, however, debated whether the Security Council could be legally obliged to act in respect of a mass atrocity crisis. Although this emerging position is controversial, it shows that the argumentation in connection to Security Council inaction is toughening up through increased resort to hard law. Senior Research Fellow Katja Creutz analyses the discussion concerning the legal obligations of the UN Security Council.
In the media, 15.7.2016
Programme Director Mika Aaltola stated that while Nato is accepting new members, it is not actively seeking for new members.
In the media, 8.7.2016
Director Teija Tiilikainen commented on Russia's actions on the Finnish border to The Economist.
In the media, 4.7.2016
Director Teija Tiilikainen argues that "Brexit seems to have had a strong impact on Finnish attitudes toward the EU".
Briefing Paper 198
The European Union research programme focuses on the EU's global and regional role, including the internal dynamics of the Union. The main research themes are the EU's external relations and institutional development.
The EU's Eastern Neighbourhood and Russia research programme studies the EU's eastern environment with a special focus on Russia's domestic, foreign and security policy. In particular, the programme concentrates on political developments in the region and the process of the Eurasian integration. It also studies international relations in the EU's eastern neighbourhood and the relationship between the region and the EU.
The Global Security research programme approaches global security challenges within the framework of broad security. The programme seeks to understand the global trajectories of security that have significance for the European and Finnish security environments. The issues approached include the prospects for global governance systems, changes in the major power structure, significant factors in functional and regional security and insecurity, the role of the transatlantic relationship in world politics, and the different dimensions of the European security policy.
The aim of the Center on US Politics and Power is to provide research and expertise on the US global role and its foreign and domestic policy. The Center works in conjunction with the Global Security Programme at the FIIA and was established in 2013. FIIA's US research is supported by the Jane and Aatos Erkko Foundation.