European security landscape reshaped?
Photo: European Commission

European security landscape reshaped?

FIIA Column

Crimea as a trophy in the Kremlin symbolic game

Russia’s actions in Crimea may have profound implications for European security landscape. However, before any major conclusions can be made, we should carefully analyze not just events on the ground, but the ways in which they are framed in the Russian (and Western) discourse. This may help us to better understand what is going on, Senior Research Fellow Katri Pynnöniemi argues in the latest FIIA Column.

Differentiated integration
Photo by European External Action Service

Differentiated integration

Report

Multi-speed Europe? Differentiated integration in the external relations of the European Union

Differentiated integration is not a new phenomenon in European integration. It has taken various forms over a wide range of policy areas in the past. Importantly, differentiated integration is not merely an internal question for the EU as the Union’s organization and internal dynamics also shape its external actorness. Consequently, various forms of differentiation are present in the EU’s external relations and policies. The objective of this report is to take a closer look at differentiated integration in the EU’s external relations and to discuss its implications for the EU’s aspirations to forge more unitary and effective external policies.

Briefing Paper

European Defence Under Scrutiny

Tuomas Iso-Markku

Briefing Paper

Updating the EMU

Samu Kurri

The EU after the economic crisis
Photo by European Commission

The EU after the economic crisis

Briefing Paper

Updating The EMU: Differentiated economic integration in the European Union

The financial and economic crisis has reinforced the two-layer economic integration structure in the EU, Samu Kurri argues in the latest FIIA Briefing Paper. Even if the Eurogroup remains ‘formally informal’, it has managed to transform itself into a de facto institution within the EU, and its role and weight is likely to increase rather than decrease. The paper is part of a joint research project carried out by FIIA and the Research Institute for the Finnish Economy (ETLA) with the support of the Jane & Aatos Erkko Foundation.

Briefing Paper

Towards a Deeper EMU

Juha Jokela

Briefing Paper

Three Options for the EU

Teija Tiilikainen

The Global Arctic
Photo by Johannes Roaldsen Fürst / Norwegian Armed Forces

The Global Arctic

Briefing Paper

Arctic Conflict Potential: Towards an extra-Arctic perspective

According to a popular notion, huge natural resource reserves located in the Arctic region will lead to a conflictual "gold rush" when Arctic states compete to claim these reserves for themselves. However, an interstate conflict in the Arctic would most likely relate to complex global dynamics that may spill over to the region and which cannot be addressed with existing Arctic governance mechanisms. Juha Käpylä and Harri Mikkola argue that this extra-Arctic perspective should be increasingly taken into consideration by scholars and policy-makers.

A partner or a spoiler?
Photo by European Commission

A partner or a spoiler?

FIIA Report 37

Russia as an international actor: The view from Europe and the US

The latest FIIA Report by Sean P. Roberts presents a symbiosis of views from European and US researchers and practitioners on Russia's international role. The report argues that Russia is not viewed as a strategic partner for either the EU or the US, but as an ‘ad hoc’ partner, willing to cooperate on a narrow range of issues that fall well within its own interests. Russia’s weakness on the international stage often limits its ability to be a strategic competitor and sometimes Russia is seen to play the role of ‘spoiler’ — an actor unable to push its own self-interest to conclusion, but ready to hinder other actors from achieving their goals.

What stands behind Moscow’s support to the Assad regime?
Photo by James Gordon / Wikimedia Commons

What stands behind Moscow’s support to the Assad regime?

Briefing Paper

Responsibility to protect... itself? Russia’s strategy towards the crisis in Syria

Despite attempts to present itself as a neutral force, Russia de facto supported Syrian President Bashar al-Assad’s regime by both political and military means. Moscow’s main goal was to defend the regime against the pressure to relinquish power to the opposition, and also to deter any attempt at a Western/Arab military intervention in Syria. Moscow seems to be ready to accept any scenario which will effectively prevent a regime change in Syria, through prolonging the conflict and the “Lebanization” of Syria, or via an interim agreement which would freeze the status quo. This offers little room for cooperation between the West and Russia, Visiting Researcher Marek Menkiszak argues in the latest FIIA Briefing Paper.

Global Maritime Security Environment in Transition
Photo by EU Naval Force Media and Public Information Office

Global Maritime Security Environment in Transition

European Parliament Report

The Maritime Dimension of CSDP: Geostrategic maritime challenges and their implications for the European Union

A recent European Parliament study argues that the global maritime security environment is in the midst of an important transformation which requires an upgrading of the maritime dimension of the EU’s Common Security and Defence Policy (CSDP). FIIA researchers Timo Behr, Jyrki Kallio, Mika Aaltola, Charly Salonius-Pasternak and Coordinator Maija Salonen contributed to the study.

Working Paper

Securing global commons: A small state perspective

Mika Aaltola, Joonas Sipilä, Valtteri Vuorisalo

European foreign policy in the 21st century
Photo by European External Action Service

European foreign policy in the 21st century

FIIA Report 36

Equipping the European Union for the 21st century - National diplomacies, the European External Action Service and the making of EU foreign policy

In the latest FIIA Report, published jointly with the European Policy Centre, Rosa Balfour and Kristi Raik argue that the European External Action Service needs to be at the centre of an emerging EU system of diplomacy.

EPC Issue Paper

The European External Action Service and National Diplomacies

Rosa Balfour & Kristi Raik (eds.)

FIIA Comment

Managing the Decline of European Diplomacy

Kristi Raik & Teemu Rantanen

Russia's evolving challenges
Photo by Katri Pynnöniemi

Russia's evolving challenges

Report 35

Russian critical infrastructures: Vulnerabilities and policies

The Russian policies on critical infrastructure protection, which were outlined in the early 2000s, are evolving against a background of the degeneration of infrastructures critical for the country’s economic and social development, and the de-legitimization of political institutions. The recent major catastrophes in Russia, the forest fires in 2010 in particular, have become examples of political events that offer a point of reference for the current regime’s failure to uphold its promises of ‘order and stability’.

Tue 22.4.2014 at 13:30-15:00

Predicting the Onset of Genocidal Violence: Lessons from Rwanda

Requires registration

Mon 28.4.2014 at 14:00-16:00

Responsibility to Protect: From principle to practice

Requires registration

Tue 29.4.2014 at 09:30-11:00

Russia, Ukraina and Changing Security Challenges for the West

Requires registration

 

In the media, 16.4.2014

FIIA's Programme Director Juha Jokela on Yle Ykkösaamu on the European election

Programme Director at the Institute Juha Jokela commented on Yle Ykkösaamu on April 16th on the European election. He said that the list of candidates is strong, which also signals that the elections are important. (in Finnish)

In the media, 15.4.2014

Researcher: A short thinking break concerning the sanctions

Director of the Institute Teija Tiilikainen commented on the EU's foreign minister meeting on Ukraine in Ilta-Sanomat on April 15th. According to Tiilikainen, broad sanctions are difficult for the EU because different member states have different interests. She pointed out that the resolution of the foreign minister meeting said that if Russia takes even one step further, there will be economic sanctions. (in Finnish)

In the media, 15.4.2014

News analysis: Ukraine and Russia at a crossroads

Senior Research Fellow at the Institute Kristi Raik assessed in an interview with Aamulehti on April 15th how the situation in Eastern Ukraine could possibly play out. (in Finnish)

EILEN - Archive and Chronology of Finnish Foreign Policy

The Finnish Institute of International Affairs (FIIA) maintains an online archive Eilen which consists of speeches and key documents related to Finnish foreign policy. In addition, the site features a chronology detailing the most significant events in Finnish foreign policy since 1973.

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The European Union

The European Union

The European Union research programme focuses on the EU's global and regional role, including the internal dynamics of the Union. The main research themes are the EU's external action, economic policies and institutional development.

The EU’s Eastern Neighbourhood and Russia

The EU’s Eastern Neighbourhood and Russia

The EU's Eastern Neighbourhood and Russia research programme studies the EU's eastern environment with a special focus on Russia's domestic and foreign policy. In particular, the programme concentrates on political developments in the region, energy and climate policies. It also studies international relations in the EU's eastern neighbourhood and the relationship between the region and the EU.

Global Security

Global Security

The Global Security research programme approaches global security challenges within the framework of broad security. The programme seeks to understand the global trajectories of security that have significance for the European and Finnish security environments. The issues approached include the prospects for global governance systems, changes in the major power structure, significant factors in functional and regional security and insecurity, the role of the transatlantic relationship in world politics, and the different dimensions of the European security policy.

The Center for US Politics and Power

The aim of the Center for US Politics and Power is to provide research and expertise on the US global role and its foreign and domestic policy. The Center works in conjunction with the Global Security Programme at the FIIA and was established in 2013. FIIA's US research is supported by the Jane and Aatos Erkko Foundation.