Comprehensive Security: The Opportunities and Challenges of Incorporating Environmental Threats in Security Policy
Politics and Governance
Helmi Räisänen, Emma Hakala, Janne Hukkinen, Jussi T. Eronen, Mikko J. Virtanen

An article co-authored by FIIA Senior Research Fellow Emma Hakala on how to incorporate environmental threats in security policy has been published. The article was published in the journal Politics and Governance.

The article argues that an effective policy tackling environmental threats can be created only within the domain of civil society. The authors consider Finland as a case study noting, that the Finnish security model is comprehensive, but does not incorporate all aspects of environmental threats. The article can be accessed here.

Senior Research Fellow