The Eurasian Economic Union between Belarus, Kazakhstan and Russia, due to come into effect from January 2015, consolidates a market of 170 million people with a combined GDP of almost 3 trillion US dollars. On paper, the union has the potential to transform economic relations in the region and to offer an alternative to the EU in the post-Soviet space. However, weak institutions and large asymmetry between member states are continuing to hinder closer ties and the crisis in Ukraine had led to an increasingly hostile international environment. Hence, the Eurasian Economic Union faces an uphill struggle to maintain momentum and deliver the results member states desire, the latest FIIA Analysis argues.
Matthew Hoddie's FIIA Analysis considers two institutional alternatives for managing conflict following the negotiated settlement of civil war. The most common set of institutional structures that former civil war combat-ants adopt are associated with power sharing across the political, military, territorial, and economic dimensions of state power. An alternative is the adoption of power-dividing institutions limiting the scope of government authority and establishing a wide-ranging system of checks and balances intended to manage the competing interests within a country.
Tanja Tamminen (ed.)
FIIA Report 41
The EU eastward 2004 enlargement and the consequent entry of new EU member states into the Schengen area in 2007 resulted in a considerable increase in visa fees and complications concerning visa procedures for applicants. As a result, the Local Border Traffic (LBT) Regulation appeared to be a timely legal tool for the eastern EU member states to mitigate the negative effects of their accession to the Schengen area and to keep the borders ajar for legitimate border-crossing for family, cultural, social and economic reasons. The 2006 EU Regulation makes it possible for the EU countries and Schengen non-EU members to conclude agreements with neighbouring third states on a visa-free land border-crossing regime for border residents. Andrei Yeliseyeu analyses the functioning and potential of the Local Border Traffic Regulation in the latest FIIA Report.
Geopolitics is increasingly defined by the strengthening force of stable and secure global flows of goods, resources, finance, people and information. These flows rely on and use the various common domains: the high seas, airspace, space and cyberspace. This report highlights a shift away from territorial geopolitics towards the geopolitics of global flows and global commons, and analyzes the implications of this geopolitical transformation to Finland. The report is the final output of a research project funded by the Scientific Advisory Board for Defence and the National Emergency Supply Agency.
Karl Lallerstedt & Mikael Wigell
Mika Aaltola, Joonas Sipilä, Valtteri Vuorisalo
FIIA Analysis 1
Since December 2009, the European Union has been represented abroad by more than 130 delegations, which are an integral part of the new European External Action Service (EEAS). Heidi Maurer and Kristi Raik argue that, following on from an early albeit cautious success, the delegations should take a stronger role in providing input into EU policy-making, promoting European interests abroad, and advancing consensus among member states’ representatives in the field. The publication launches FIIA Analysis series which provides in-depth analysis of policy-relevant issues in international affairs.
Rosa Balfour & Kristi Raik
Kristi Raik & Teemu Rantanen
Russia’s actions in Crimea may have profound implications for European security landscape. However, before any major conclusions can be made, we should carefully analyze not just events on the ground, but the ways in which they are framed in the Russian (and Western) discourse. This may help us to better understand what is going on, Senior Research Fellow Katri Pynnöniemi argues in the latest FIIA Column.
Differentiated integration is not a new phenomenon in European integration. It has taken various forms over a wide range of policy areas in the past. Importantly, differentiated integration is not merely an internal question for the EU as the Union’s organization and internal dynamics also shape its external actorness. Consequently, various forms of differentiation are present in the EU’s external relations and policies. The objective of this report is to take a closer look at differentiated integration in the EU’s external relations and to discuss its implications for the EU’s aspirations to forge more unitary and effective external policies.
The financial and economic crisis has reinforced the two-layer economic integration structure in the EU, Samu Kurri argues in the latest FIIA Briefing Paper. Even if the Eurogroup remains ‘formally informal’, it has managed to transform itself into a de facto institution within the EU, and its role and weight is likely to increase rather than decrease. The paper is part of a joint research project carried out by FIIA and the Research Institute for the Finnish Economy (ETLA) with the support of the Jane & Aatos Erkko Foundation.
Thu 2.10.2014 at 09:00-11:30
Tue 7.10.2014 at 09:00-11:00
By invitation only
Thu 9.10.2014 at 08:30-11:00
In the media, 30.9.2014
Senior Research Fellow at the Institute Jyrki Kallio commented on the Hong Kong demonstrations on Yle aamu-tv on September 30th. According to him, pupils and students have taken the streets partly because education has become substantially more propagandist in the last few years. (in Finnish)
In the media, 30.9.2014
Programme Director at the Institute Mika Aaltola commented on the Finnish foreign policy discussion in his article in Turun Sanomat on September 30th. According to Aaltola, the discussion has for a long time been dominated by an understanding that romanticises Finland and mystifies Russia, and sticking to this false impression makes finding a realistic foreign policy line more difficult. (in Finnish)
In the media, 30.9.2014
Senior Research Fellow at the Institute Mikael Wigell commented on the Argentine debt crisis in Turun Sanomat on September 29th. According to Wigell, the discussions of the Argentine president Cristina Kirchner and Pope Francis do not help controlling the debt crisis because the financial world is not based on sympathy. (in Finnish)
The European Union research programme focuses on the EU's global and regional role, including the internal dynamics of the Union. The main research themes are the EU's external relations, economic policies and institutional development.
The EU's Eastern Neighbourhood and Russia research programme studies the EU's eastern environment with a special focus on Russia's domestic, foreign and security policy. In particular, the programme concentrates on political developments in the region and the process of the Eurasian integration. It also studies international relations in the EU's eastern neighbourhood and the relationship between the region and the EU.
The Global Security research programme approaches global security challenges within the framework of broad security. The programme seeks to understand the global trajectories of security that have significance for the European and Finnish security environments. The issues approached include the prospects for global governance systems, changes in the major power structure, significant factors in functional and regional security and insecurity, the role of the transatlantic relationship in world politics, and the different dimensions of the European security policy.
The aim of the Center for US Politics and Power is to provide research and expertise on the US global role and its foreign and domestic policy. The Center works in conjunction with the Global Security Programme at the FIIA and was established in 2013. FIIA's US research is supported by the Jane and Aatos Erkko Foundation.